Jaihoon’s thoughts & notes during Holy Quran commentary lectures by Simsarul Haq Hudawi
May 08 2009
Imra – meaning bad, it denotes a possible a possible calamity bound to happen in the future
Nukra – meaning evil, it denotes a crime which has already happened
Ibn Abbbas says that while the first two instances that Kidhr was patient was due to the fact that it was for the sake of Allah, while the third instance when Musa broke his word to not ask questions (regarding the behavior of the people of the town) was wordly in nature and this led Khidr to bid farewell from Musa.
“As for the ship, it belonged to Masakin (poor people) working in the sea. So I wished to make a defective damage in it, as there was a king after them who seized every ship by force.”
Imam Shafi identified the difference between masakin and faqir from the verse of ‘saffin’. Miskin has a means to live upon, a faqir does not.
“And as for the wall, it belonged to two orphan boys in the town; and there was under it a treasure belonging to them; and their father was a righteous man, and your Lord intended that they should attain their age of full strength and take out their treasure as a mercy from your Lord. And I did it not of my own accord. That is the interpretation of those (things) over which you could not hold patience.”
Ibn Jareer says that the treasure was that of knowledge which contained the wisdom that there is nothing to worry when everything happens by the command of Allah and how could one enjoy in folly while knowing the coming of death
The father of the children referred here was their great grandfather of seven generations prior
Ibn Kathir says that the father being righteous would be a turn to be a blessing for future generation
Musa (as) had experienced similar circumstances in his earlier life. He had also killed a Coptic man (by mistake) before migrating to Madyan. When he reached Madyan, he offered to help the daughters of the old man and asked for nothing in return. While an infant, his mother had cast him in the river (placing in a basket) (Quran 28: 7). Musa’s experiences with Khidr were reminiscent of these earlier incidents in his life.
However, here Musa (as) is concerned about the hunger of his co-traveler for whom he wanted to offer to eat. Besides, travelers have the right to ask for food.
If a man was to walk through a garden and every bird salutes him eloquently and if he failed to seek the refuge with Allah, then his end will be bad. One should not be over confident of his self-righteousness as piety is a gift from Allah.